OVERVIEW AND METHODOLOGY
Uganda is among the prime refugee-hosting nations on the earth, with a protracted refugee state of affairs and ongoing influxes of refugees from neighboring nations. The nation hosts 1,549,181¹ refugees as of 31 October 2021, with 94% of refugees residing in settlements primarily within the West Nile and Southwest areas of Uganda.
In view of this example, the World Meals Programme (WFP) has established a daily market value monitoring system throughout refugee settlements to tell cash-based response approaches. These monitoring efforts predate the COVID-19 disaster. Nevertheless, as a result of altering state of affairs and ongoing COVID-19 containment measures, there’s a threat that markets might be considerably affected and beneficiaries receiving money help might not be capable to entry crucial items. In response, with the technical help of the Market Evaluation Job Power and REACH particularly, this market value monitoring system has been expanded to seize essential info to grasp the affect of COVID-19 on commodity costs and performance of markets in refugee communities throughout Uganda.
WFP collected the information via key informant (KI) interviews with merchants, people promoting key commodities, in markets throughout 13 refugee settlement areas from 1-31 October 2021. A part of the information was collected remotely, utilizing the cell Vulnerability Evaluation and Mapping (mVAM) phone-based survey system. Knowledge for bought unfastened gadgets was collected in particular person with gadgets bought and weighted the place potential.
Lastly, KIs have been purposively sampled, which means the findings are indicative solely. The figures represented on this factsheet are introduced on the nationwide and regional2 ranges, except acknowledged in any other case. In whole, 185 merchants have been interviewed nationwide on this spherical. Of those, 98 have been from the Southwest Area (SWR) and 87 have been from the West Nile Area (WNR).
Common value of the total MEB in October 2021: 441,085 UGX
0% in comparison with the total MEB March 2021.
Throughout areas, costs for key meals gadgets within the Minimal Expenditure Basket (MEB) have remained principally steady. Within the WNR, the value of beans has decreased by 33% since Could, from 3,363 UGX to 2,256 UGX. Within the SWR, the value of millet flour has elevated by 13% since July, from 3483 to 3939 UGX. Moreover, within the SWR the value of 1 litre of milk has elevated by 38% from 1,340 to 1,850 UGX for the reason that final spherical of knowledge assortment.
Nationally, 43% of the interviewed distributors reported accepting cell cash funds. The share was larger (45%) within the SWR in comparison with 40% within the WNR.
At a nationwide stage, 18% of the interviewed distributors reported difficulties in assembly demand. Nevertheless, within the SWR solely 11% of the distributors reported difficulties, whereas within the WNR the proportion was a lot larger (25%).
The market value of the WFP GFA meals basket decreased by 3% from September to October 2021. General, the WFP money switch worth was sufficient to fulfill the price of the GFA meals basket in all of the refugee settlements.
Nationally, the typical value of the meals MEB elevated by 5% from September to October 2021. Nevertheless, this was on account of a rise in costs within the SWR the place the meals MEB worth rose by 15%, whereas within the WNR it remained steady.
By October 2021, the WFP money switch worth may cowl solely 35% of the meals MEB (34% in SWR and 36% in WNR).